Estimated Burden of Serious Fungal Infections in Mozambique.

TitleEstimated Burden of Serious Fungal Infections in Mozambique.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsSacarlal, J, Denning, DW
JournalJ Fungi (Basel)
Volume4
Issue3
Date Published2018 Jun 23
ISSN2309-608X
Abstract

Mozambique is a sub-Saharan African country with limited information on the burden of fungal disease. We estimate the burden of serious fungal infections for the general healthy population and for those at risk, including those infected with HIV, patients with asthma, as well as those under intensive care. We consult the Mozambican National Institute of Statistics Population and Housing Census report to obtain denominators for different age groups. We use modelling and HIV data to estimate the burdens of pneumonia (PCP), (CM) and candidiasis. Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and tuberculosis data were used to estimate the burden of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). In 2016, the Mozambique population was 26.4 million with 1.8 million people reported to be HIV-infected. Estimated annual incidence of fungal infections was: 33,380 PCP, 18,640 CM and 260,025 oral and oesophageal candidiasis cases. Following pulmonary tuberculosis, estimated numbers of people having chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (prevalence) and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis complicating asthma are 18,475 and 15,626, respectively. Tinea capitis is common in children with over 1.1 million probably affected. We also highlight from studies in progress of high incidences of , and in adult HIV-infected patients. Prospective epidemiology studies with sensitive diagnostics are required to validate these estimates.

DOI10.3390/jof4030075
Alternate JournalJ Fungi (Basel)
PubMed ID29937480